Crystalline quartz in shades of purple, lilac or mauve is called Amethyst. The name Amethyst derives from the Greek word ametusthos, meaning “not intoxicated,” and comes from an ancient legend. This gemstone was traditionally worn to instil a sober and serious mind. Amethyst can be sourced from Brazil, Russia, India & Sri Lanka and is usually faceted as a step or mixed cut. One of the worlds most popular gemstones, Amethyst compliments both warm and cool colours meaning it looks fabulous in all metals.
Aquamarine meaning 'sea water' is a light blue gemstone that was used in Ancient times as a talisman by sailors for protection and good luck. Today it is considered as a symbol of hope, happiness and eternal youth. The best gem quality aquamarine is found in Brazil, but other origins include Madagascar, Afghanistan and Russia.
Emerald, also known as beryl gets its bright green colour from the presence of chromium and vanadium. The finest emeralds come from Colombia, other sources include Egypt, Norway & Brazil. Cleopatra was famous for wearing emeralds and in ancient Egyptian time mummies were buried with an emerald to symbolise eternal youth. Today, Emeralds symbolise love and rebirth.
Fancy Colour Diamond
Fancy coloured diamonds are rare and extremely prized, this is because the geological conditions needed to create this colours are scarce. Fancy coloured diamonds come in a variety of colours including pink, blue, yellow and green. They are graded on the colour intensity, deeper shades are valued higher than paler colours. Sources of fancy coloured diamonds include Australia, South Africa, India and Brazil.
Jade refers to an ornamental mineral and is mostly known for its green varieties. There are two types of jade; jadeite and nephrite. Jade is mined in many countries including China, New Zealand, Russia and North America. Jade has a long association with China and as well as being used to make jewellery it has also been used to make weapons, tools and sculptures.
The pink, rose and peach shades of beryl are called morganite. Some of the finest morganite is sourced from Madagascar and Brazil, other sources include, Mozambique and Namibia. Morganite is a variety of the Beryl gemstone family, as are Aquamarine and Emerald. It has been known by the name of Morganite only since 1911, named after the famous American banker and mineral collector J. P. Morgan. With its soft colours and dazzling brilliance, Morganite compliments all skin tones and exudes charm and tenderness. It’s durable and affordable, which makes it a great gemstone for daily wear.
Opal is an amorphous form of silica meaning it does not have a defined crystal like structure. It is formed from a solution of silicon dioxide and water. There are several claims of where the name Opal originated from, one story is that the word Opal came from the ancient Roman word 'opalus' meaning precious stone. Each Opal stone is truly unique as it encompasses all colours. Most of these precious stones are mined in Australia, but Opal can also be found in Mexico, Brazil and Indonesia.
Peridot is a French word which was derived from the Arabic word 'faraday' meaning gem. It is a form of olivine and is also referred to as chrysolite. It is one of the few gemstones that only comes in one colour of varying different shades of green. Peridot is mined in Arizona, Sri Lanka, China & Kenya to name a few. The use of Peridot as a gemstone dates as far back as the Ancient Egyptians.
A sapphire is a transparent precious stone which comes in a variety of colours but is best known for its blue to violet colour. Due to their association with loyalty, sapphires are a popular choice for eternity rings as well as being a popular unconventional choice for engagement rings. Sapphires can be found in many countries, however the most prized are found in Burma.
Tanzanite is a rare gemstone as it can only be mined in Northern Tanzania at the foothills of Mt. Kilimanjaro. Tanzanite can be found in an assortment of stunning blue shades ranging from light purple to a deep velvety blue.
Tourmaline is a popular gemstone as it is available in an array of different colours and combinations. Tourmaline can also display several different colours in one gemstone, this is known as bi-colour or tri-colour tourmaline which is highly prized. Brazil is the worlds leading source for this gemstone however it can also be found in many other places including Tanzania, Namibia and Afghanistan.
Ruby is a strong and robust gem coming only second to diamond, with the finest stones originating from Burma. Rubies can be any shade of red depending on the chromium and iron content of the stone and is one of the best gemstones for jewellery settings. The Ruby is one of the traditional cardinal gems and has been a prized gemstone amongst Royals.